Specimen preparation for microstructural examination involves a series of operations, the ease and success of each depends on the preceding step. The first cut impacts all subsequent steps and the impact can be quite detrimental if too much damage is induced during sectioning. In some cases, very large parts are initially cut with either a torch, plasma cutter or band saw and then resectioned with abrasive or precision equipment. The proper equipment selection and technique will minimize the deformation. A key component in the sectioning technique is firm and stable vising of the part. If the vise is loose or clamped improperly the cut may be stalled, the abrasive wheel damaged or the part itself deformed.